Grace Hopper

By sbeard

Grace hopper was born in 1906 and died in 1992. Grace Hopper was the oldest of three children. She had always had a love for math which was understand able considering that her mother also loved math. Grace hopper always loved electronics, even when she was very little she disassembled several alarm clocks trying to figure out how they worked. Grace Hopper got married to Vincent Hopper in 1931 and divorced him in 1945

Education


Grace Hopper graduated from Vassar College in 1928 with a bachelor’s degree in mathematics and science. After that Grace Hopper taught there while going on to earn her PhD which she earned in 1934. Women earning That kind of degree in those years were still very uncommon.

Navy


Grace Hopper joined the navy as soon as world war two started. She was told that at the age of 34 she was too old to join the navy. She was also told that she would better serve her country by staying as a teacher at Vassar. After initial training at Midshipman's school she was placed as Lieutenant, Hopper was assigned to the Bureau of Ordnance Computation Project at the Cruft Laboratories at Harvard University. When Grace Hopper got there she saw the Mark one a nice pretty computer she instantly wanted to tear it apart and see how it worked. After that she worked on Mark two and Mark three.

Accomplishments


One of her accomplishments was the first bug. She found a moth sticking in of the relais in 1951. She pasted this bug in the UNIVAC calling it the computer bug, earning it eternal fame. Grace Hopper also invented the first compiler She also invented the computer programming language COBOL. (COmmon Business-Oriented Language) She also wanted computer languages to become standardized. Thus making it easier to re-use and share computer programs.

Retirement


Grace Hopper had a hard time retiring. She retired in 1966 and was called back to the navy six months later in 1967 she retired again in 1971 and was a gain called back in 1972. She was then promoted to caption. After Reb. Philip Crane saw her on a sixty minute show she was promoted to commodore by special Presidential appointment. Her title commodore was renamed Rear Admiral, Lower Half. Then because of her old age she was forced to retire. They held a huge party for her in Boston. She was then hired as Digital Equipment Corporation. After that she died January first nineteen ninety two and was buried at Arlington National Cemetery.

Awards


In 1969 Grace Hopper won the first “Man of The Year Award” That Data Processing Management Association gives out. She became the first American citizen and the first women nationally to win the Data Processing Management Association. In 1986 Grace Hopper was honored with the best medal anyone could get in the navy without actually fighting. The Defense Distinguished Service Medal. In 1988 she won the golden gravel award at the Toastmasters International convention in Washington, DC.

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